In recent years much progress has been made in understanding derived categories of coherent sheaves. These categories are interesting because they encode much of the geometry of the underlying scheme. They are also useful tools to encode and study data coming from other fields, such as the representation theroy of algebraic groups.
In the first part of the course we will introduce the main tools for the study of categories of coherent sheaves. It will in particular contain a detailed discussion of Grothendieck (coherent) duality, a far reaching extension of Serre duality. In the second part, we will discuss various applications and structure theory. Depending on time and interest of the participants, these could for example include the Bondal--Orlov reconstruction theorem, semi-orthogonal decompositions and homological projective duality, and Bridgeland's perverse coherent sheaves.
Prerequisites: Schemes and basics of coherent sheaves; a basic understanding of homological algebra and, ideally, derived categories (though we will give a short review of these).